1Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of King Herod, behold, wise men from the east came to Jerusalem, saying, 2“Where is he who is born King of the Jews? For we saw his star in the east, and have come to worship him.” 3When King Herod heard it, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 4Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he asked them where the Christ would be born. 5They said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for this is written through the prophet,

6‘You Bethlehem, land of Judah,

are in no way least among the princes of Judah;

for out of you shall come a governor

who shall shepherd my people, Israel.’”

7Then Herod secretly called the wise men, and learned from them exactly what time the star appeared. 8He sent them to Bethlehem, and said, “Go and search diligently for the young child. When you have found him, bring me word, so that I also may come and worship him.”

9They, having heard the king, went their way; and behold, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them until it came and stood over where the young child was. 10When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceedingly great joy. 11They came into the house and saw the young child with Mary, his mother, and they fell down and worshiped him. Opening their treasures, they offered to him gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12Being warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they went back to their own country another way.

13Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and stay there until I tell you, for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.”

14He arose and took the young child and his mother by night and departed into Egypt, 15and was there until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, “Out of Egypt I called my son.”

16Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked by the wise men, was exceedingly angry, and sent out and killed all the male children who were in Bethlehem and in all the surrounding countryside, from two years old and under, according to the exact time which he had learned from the wise men. 17Then that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled, saying,

18“A voice was heard in Ramah,

lamentation, weeping and great mourning,

Rachel weeping for her children;

she wouldn’t be comforted,

because they are no more.”

19But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying, 20“Arise and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel, for those who sought the young child’s life are dead.”

21He arose and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel. 22But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in the place of his father, Herod, he was afraid to go there. Being warned in a dream, he withdrew into the region of Galilee, 23and came and lived in a city called Nazareth; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophets that he will be called a Nazarene.

Inquiry into the King of the Jews from the East

Parallels in Ancient Literature | Matt 2:2 | Hershel Wayne House

Diodorus Siculus  (flourished 59 B.C.) says regarding the Chaldaeans,

"From a long observation of the stars, and an exact knowledge of the motions and influences of every one of them, wherein they excel all other nations, they foretel many things that are to happen. The appearance of comets, they say, is significative of good or evil not only to nations in general but to kings, and even to private individuals." Diod. Sic. l. ii c. 30.

Thomas Street Millington, The Testimony to the Heathen to the Truths of Holy Writ: A Commentary, p. 465. 

M. Tullius Cicero (born 106 B.C.; died 43 B.C.) speaks regarding the birth of infants,

"According to the Chaldaeans the birth of infants is regulated by the moon, and they observe and take particular notice of the natal stars with which the moon happens to be in conjunction at the moment of a nativity." Cic. de div. l. ii. c. 43.

Thomas Street Millington, The Testimony to the Heathen to the Truths of Holy Writ: A Commentary, p. 465. 

C. Cornelius Tacitus (born A.D. 61; died A.D. 118) also says that it was believed in the East that out of Judea would come a ruler over all nations

"Many were under a strong persuasion that in the ancient books, kept by their priests, a prophesy was contained—That at this very time the power of the East should prevail, and out of Judaea should spring such as should rule over all nations: a prophetic riddle by which Vespasian and Titus were prefigured." Tacitus, Histories, l. v. c. 13.

Thomas Street Millington, The Testimony to the Heathen to the Truths of Holy Writ: A Commentary, p. 466.

Suetonius Transquillus (flourished A.D. 116) spoke of fate of the world based on someone from Judea

"A firm persuasion had long prevailed through all the East that it was fated for the empire of the world at time time to devolve on some one who should go forth from Judaea." Suet. Vespas. c. 4.

Thomas Street Millington, The Testimony to the Heathen to the Truths of Holy Writ: A Commentary, p. xv., p. 466.